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Title: Chronic disease stigma,skepticism of the health system, and socio-economicfragility: qualitative assessment of factors impacting receptiveness to group medical visits and micro finance for non-communicable disease care in rural Kenya
Authors: Icahn, Rae Dong
Leung, Claudia
Naert, Mackenzie N.
Naanyu, Violet
Kiptoo, Peninah
Matelong, Winnie
Matini, Esther
Orango, Vitalis
Bloomfield, Gerald S.
Edelman, David
Fuster, Valentin
Manyara, Simon
Menya, Diana
Pastakia, Sonak D.
Valente, Tom
Kamano, Jemima
Horowitz, Carol R.
Vedanthan, Rajesh
Keywords: Group medical visits
Qualitative inquiry
Issue Date: 17-Jul-2015
Publisher: Research square
Abstract: Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of mortality in the world, and innovative approaches to NCD care delivery are being actively developed and evaluated. Combining the group-based experience of microfinance and group medical visits is a novel approach to NCD care delivery that has demonstrated beneficial impact previous pilot studies. However the contexual factors, facilitators, and barriers impacting wide-scale implementation of these approaches within a low- and middle-income country setting are not well known.Methods: Two types of qualitative group discussion were conducted: 1) mabaraza (singular, baraza), a traditional East African community gathering used to discuss and exchange information in large group settings; and 2) focus group discussions (FGDs) among rural clinicians, community health workers, microfinance roup members, and patients with NCDs. Trained research staff members led the discussions using structured question guides. Content analysis was performed with NVivo using deductive and inductive codes that were then grouped into themes.Results: We conducted 5 mabaraza and 16 FGDs. A total of 205 individuals (113 men and 92 women) participated in the mabaraza, while 162 individuals (57 men and 105 women) participated in the FGDs. Participants expressed interest in participating in microfinance nd group medical visits, but cited several key challenges: 1) stigma of chronic disease, 2) earned skepticism of the health system, and 3) socio- economic fragility.Conclusions: Our qualitative study revealed and illuminated actionable factors that could impact the success of implementation of group medical visits and microfinance itiatives for NCD care. While several challenges were highlighted, participants also felt that planned interventions could address and mitigate the impact of these dynamic factors. We anticipate that our approach and analysis provides new insights and methodological techniques that will be relevant to other low-resource settings worldwide.
Appears in Collections:School of Medicine

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