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Title: Improving maternal and child health outcomes through a community involvement strategy in Kabula location, Bungoma County, Kenya
Authors: Esamai, Fabian
Mwangi, Ann
Nangami, Mabel
Tabu, John
Ayuku, David
Were, Edwin
Keywords: Health systems
Enhanced health care
Community participation
Community ownership
Community owned resource persons
Issue Date: 28-Jun-2022
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Background: Maternal, fetal and neonatal mortality are higher in low-income compared to high-income countries due to weak health systems including poor access and utilization of health services. Despite enormous recent improve ments in maternal, neonatal and under five children health indicators, more rapid progress is needed to meet the tar gets including the Sustainable Development Goal 3(SDG). In Kenya these indicators are still high and comprehensive systems are needed to attain these goals. Objective: To facilitate innovative partnerships in health care provision and to assess trends in access, utilization and quality of Maternal and Child Health care through the health systems approach using community owned initiatives in cluding use of community owned resourse persons (CORPs), establishment of Community Based Organisations (CBOs) and Income Generating Activities(IGAs). Study site: This was implemented in Kabula location, Bungoma County, Kenya between January 2016 and April 2019. Study population: Pregnant women, newborns and under-five children living in Kabula location identified by Commu nity Owned Resource Persons (CORPs). Methods: A prospective study to show trends in maternal, neonatal and infant outcomes through the implementation of community owned initiatives. Findings: General, under five and antenatal clinic attendance increased four fold in 2016,2017 and 2018. There was a 76% full immunization coverage with 97% BCG and 84% Polio coverage respectively among children studied. There was an 87% facility delivery rate among the pregnant women enrolled in the study. Conclusions: Trends in Maternal and under-five health indicators in Kabula showed improvements over the study period following the implementation of the community owned initiatives and community participation. Recommendations: The community owned initiatives as implemented in this study is useful in primary care and univer sal health coverage programs in health care delivery systems in LMICs
Appears in Collections:School of Medicine

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