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Title: A system approach to improving maternal and child health care delivery in Kenya: innovations at the community and primary care facilities (a protocol)
Authors: Esamai, Fabian
Nangami, Mabel
Tabu, John
Mwangi, Ann
Ayuku, David
Were, Edwin
Keywords: Health systems
Maternal health
Issue Date: 2019
Abstract: Background:Maternal, fetal and neonatal mortality are higher in low-income compared to high-income countriesdue to weak health systems including poor access and utilization of health services. Despite enormous recentimprovements in maternal, neonatal and under 5 health indicators, more rapid progress is needed to meet thetargets including the Development Goal 3(SDG). In Kenya these indicators are still high and comprehensive systemsare needed to attain the targets of the SDG 3 by 2030. We describe the structure and methods of a study to assessthe impact of an innovative system approach on maternal, neonatal and under-five children outcomes.This will be implemented in two clusters in the Counties of Busia and Bungoma in Kenya. There will be 4 controlclusters in Kakamega, UasinGishu, Trans Nzoia and Elgeyo Marakwet Counties in Kenya. The study population willbe pregnant women, newborns and under-five children identified over the study period. The objective of the studyis to improve access, utilization and quality of Maternal and Child Health care through a predesigned EnhancedHealth Care System (EHC) that embodies six WHO pillars of the health system and community owned initiativesincluding Community Based Organisations and Income Generating Activities.Methods/Design:A five year quasi-experimental design will be used to compare the outcomes of the implementation of the EHC using the Find Link Treat and retain (FLTR) strategy in one cluster, community owned initiatives in one cluster and four control clusters at baseline and at the end of the study. A Baseline survey will be conducted in year one and an endline in the fifth year in which maternal, neonatal and under five childhood outcomes will be compared.Discussion:The expected findings from the study include showing trends in improvement in the intervention clusters for morbidity, mortality, health service utilization and access indicators. Use of the health systems approach in health care provision is expected to provide a holistic improvement in the quality of care in the study populations in the intervention clusters that will lead to improved health indicators including morbidity and mortality. It is expected that the findings will inform health policy of the national and county governments in Kenya and worldwide.
Appears in Collections:School of Medicine

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