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|Title:||Partner characteristics predicting HIV-1 set point in sexually acquired HIV-1 among African seroconverters|
|Authors:||Lingappa, Jairam R.|
Thomas, Katherine K.
Hughes, James P.
Baeten, Jared M.
Mullins, James I.
Campbell, Mary S.
Fife, Kenneth H.
|Keywords:||Sexually acquired HIV-1|
|Publisher:||Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.|
|Abstract:||Plasma HIV-1 RNA set point is an important predictor of HIV-1 disease progression. We hypothesized that inoculum size and HIV-1 exposure prior to HIV-1 transmission may modulate set point. We evaluated pre-dictors of set point among 141 African HIV-1 seroconverters and their HIV-1-infected study partners. We compared characteristics of seroconverters and their HIV-1-infected partners and HIV-1 set point. Data were from a clinical trial of genital HSV-2 suppression with acyclovir to reduce HIV-1 transmission in HIV-1 ser-odiscordant couples with HIV-1 transmission linkage assigned through virus sequencing. Our analysis includes data from all transmissions including those with transmission linkage to the HIV-1-infected ‘‘source partner’’ and those that were not linked to their HIV-1-infected study partner. In multivariable analysis, higher plasma HIV-1 in source partners was associated with higher seroconverter set point ( +0.44 log 10 copies/ml per log 10 source partner plasma HIV-1,p< 0.001). In addition, bacterial vaginosis (BV) among female source partners near the time of infection was associated with higher set point in their male seroconverters (+0.49 log 10,p = 0.04). Source partner characteristics associated with lower set point included male circumcision ( - 0.63 log 10, p= 0.03) and assignment to acyclovir ( -0.44 log 10 , p = 0.02). The proportion of variation in set point explained by plasma IV-1 RNA of the source partner, after controlling for other factors, was 0.06. Source partner plasma HIV-1 level is the most significant predictor of seroconverter set point, possibly reflecting characteristics of the transmitted virus. Acyclovir use, BV among women source partners, and circumcision among male source partners may alter the set point by affecting transmitted virus inoculum in the source partners’ genital compartment.|
|Appears in Collections:||School of Medicine|
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