Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Management of NCD in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
Authors: Checkley William
Hassen Ghannem
Vilma Irazola
Levitt Naomi S
Miranda Jaime
Louis Niessen
Rabadán-Diehl Cristina
Kimaiyo Sylvester
Dorairaj Prabhakaran
Ramirez-Zea Manuel
Adolfo Rubinstein
Sigamani Alben
Smith Richard
Tandon Nikhil
Yangfeng Wu
Xavier Denis
Lijing L.Y
Keywords: Management
Issue Date: Dec-2014
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Abstract: Noncommunicable disease (NCD), comprising cardiovascular disease, stroke, diabetes, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, are increasing in incidence rapidly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Some patients have access to the same treatments available in high-income countries, but most do not, and different strategies are needed. Most research on noncommunicable diseases has been conducted in high-income countries, but the need for research in LMICs has been recognized. LMICs can learn from high-income countries, but they need to devise their own systems that emphasize primary care, the use of community health workers, and sometimes the use of mobile technology. The World Health Organization has identified “best buys” it advocates as interventions in LMICs. Non-laboratory-based risk scores can be used to identify those at high risk. Targeting interventions to those at high risk for developing diabetes has been shown to work in LMICs. Indoor cooking with biomass fuels is an important cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in LMICs, and improved cookstoves with chimneys may be effective in the prevention of chronic diseases.
Appears in Collections:School of Medicine

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.